In this article, we talk about studying Criminology & Security studies as a course in Nigeria, list of Nigerian universities and other relevant information.
What is Criminology?
Criminology is the scientific study of crime, including its causes, responses by law enforcement, and methods of prevention. It is a sub-group of sociology, which is the scientific study of social behaviour.
Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in both the behavioural and sociologies, drawing particularly upon the exploration of sociologists, clinicians, logicians, specialists, social anthropologists, and additionally researchers of law.
Criminology is the study of crime from a social perspective: the causes of crime, the social impact of crime, and the criminals involved in the crime. Criminologists study criminology in an attempt to better understand what motivates the criminal to act in a criminal manner. Their work is generally focused on the study of:
- Theories explaining illegal and/or deviant behaviour
- The social reaction to crime
- The political terrain of social control
- The effectiveness of anti-crime policies
- Crime victims
There are many fields of study that are used in the field of criminology, including biology, statistics, psychology, psychiatry, economics, and anthropology. Criminology has sub-groups, namely:
- Penology: the study of prisons and prison systems
- Bio criminology: the study of the biological basis of criminal behaviour
- Feminist criminology: the study of women and crime
- Criminalistics: the study of crime detection
As a criminology graduate with critical thinking, analytical and communications skills, you are attractive to employers both inside and outside the criminal justice sector. Individuals studying criminology often become detectives or federal law enforcement investigators.
Major Employers For Criminologists
- Central and local government
- Police and prison services,
- Court services,
- Security services,
- Non-profit-making organisations, including the NHS (National Health Service)
- Educational institutions
- Charities organisations that work with young offenders or victims of crime.
Find information on employers in law enforcement and security, social care, charity and voluntary work, and other job sectors.
Job Opportunities For Criminology Graduates
Employer value experience and a range of paid and volunteer opportunities exist. These include work with offenders, criminal justice agencies, social work and community education departments, and victims of crime.
Specific roles include prison visiting, working as a special constable, and involvement in drug treatment schemes or youth/bail hostels for young offenders.
Jobs Directly Related To Criminology Degree
Community development worker, detective, police officer, prison officer, probation officer, social worker, youth worker, adult guidance worker, charity officer, housing manager/officer, local government officer, paralegal, social researcher, solicitor.
It is also possible to work in a range of social welfare posts, such as mental health support and drug rehabilitation, housing (as housing officers or in outreach support roles), as homelessness officers, and in refugee and victim support/counselling private security and in law practices.
Remember that many employers accept applications from graduates with any degree subject, so don’t restrict your thinking to the jobs listed here.
Universities That Offer Criminology in Nigeria
- AAUA – Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria.
- ACHIEVERS University, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.
- Bayero University, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria.
- CALEB – Caleb University, Imota, Lagos State, Nigeria
- Chrisland University, Owode, Ogun State, Nigeria.
- Federal University, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria.
- Kwararafa University, Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria
- POLAC – Nigerian Police Academy, Wudil, Kano State, Nigeria.
- NOUN – National Open University of Nigeria.
- SALEM University, Kogi State, Nigeria.
- University Of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.
Source: JAMB Brochure
Admission Requirements To Study Criminology & Security Studies
To be Admitted into this course Aspirants are expected to take English Language, Economics, Mathematics and Government in the annual UTME examination, They are also expected to have a 5 credit pass in WAEC/NECO with subjects including Mathematics, English Language, Economics and any two other social science subjects.
I hope this helps in enlightening you on what you need to know about studying Criminology & Security studies as a course in Nigeria. If you have any enquiry or questions about this post, kindly indicate that via the comment box below.